duminică, 13 mai 2018

’Festina lente’ made in Swimming ....

Introduction in the ’B.E.S.T.’ concept
 ’Festina lente’ made in Swimming
by Mircea Olaru (Note) pe 13 iulie 2011 la 16:32

The need to test the efficiency of the swimmer’s movements was generated by the endeavour (1970-1980) of our coaches to find the most appropriate methodical way ın order to form young swimmers, an endeavour which started from these undoubted facts:
1. the spectacular rising of “wonder children” because of the speculations upon the “early specialization” and forced training, especially at swimming.
2. the usage of a selection base strictly on de facto performance, without taking into consideration the future modifications of the biological motor and functional balance.
3. the early rejection from the selection arena of other children and the massive loss of new elements.
4. the deviation from the performance prognosis of “wonder children” when they became adults. The deviation was negative – “wonder children” did not confirm!
Evidently, between 1970-80 it has been worked in “detriment” and some of the coaches even asked that children swimming training should contain “beauty” contest, something hard to be accepted.
As a federal coach (1982) I have tried to redirect the methodological content of children training:
I wanted a greater mass of children to be interested in sports swimming,
I wanted them to swim in the most correct way,
I wanted all these without forcing them;
By time, this new concept came up; he was published oficially began from 1983, in Revists / Magasine E.F.S. [1983/3, 1987/2] or other publications [ see bibliography].
At a special moment, apart from the beauty contests proposed by the coaches, I start looking for objective, mathematical information; in everyone’s conscience the chronometer is an undoubted source of information; but performance has some other elements too: tempo, technique and organism function, etc.
From all of these the easiest to control is the tempo, that is the number of movements per space or time unit. With these 2 elements (chronometer and tempo) one could have done larger evaluations, because you can not win with a hard (+ tiring) tempo and when the ones with moderate tempos won, this was reached by a perfect technique. This is why they were efficient!
Slow tempo/high speed – this is what we need for a future athlete
Under these circumstances a new concept has shown up and by time it got bigger (it is applicable not only to beginners but to other categories also, especially “Masters”) and because the acronym of the title in English was BEST I have adopted this name BEST Concept ( Biomechanical Efficienci Swimming Test )


Definiţii BEST, Les Definitions du BEST,
The BEST Definitions, Der BEST – Definitionen

R1/. Tehnica corecta inseamna eficienta de miscare in apa… “testarea eficientei biomecanice la inot”(BEST) se calculeaza astfel: adun ‘timpul’(‘t’) cu ‘vaslirile’(‘v’) suma lor o scad dintr-o valoare constanta - indicele personal de alunecare (ipa). adica ipa  – { timp + vasliri } = ...... p.best

F1/ La tehnique corecte de la nage implique l’efficience du mouvement dans l’eau.
’’Tester l’efficience / l’efficacite biomecanique dans l’eau’’ [ The Biomechanical Efficiency Swimming Test – B.E.S.T. ....] ce calcule comme suit:
- aditioner le temps (’T’) au les mouvement (par 50m) (’M’), la somme se deduit d’une valeur constante - l’Indice Personel de Glisse (I.P.G.) c’este a dire, la formule: IPG  – [ ’T’ + ’M’] = ... offre le meilleur resultat, (points BEST).

E1/The corect swim-technique means the efficiency of the movements in the water; it can be calculated by this way: add the number of the seconds and the number of the stroke-cicles (by 50m) and this sume will be extracted from the other constant sume provided from adition of the one constant value the Index of the personal Gliding (IPG)

D1/. *Die korrekte Technik setzt eine effiziente Fortbewegung im Wasser voraus...”Testen der biomechanischen Effizienz beim Schwimmen” (best)
Diese wird wie folgt berechnet: wir addieren die zwei Werte (Zeit und Züge); die Summe wird aus einer Konstante persönlicher Gleitindex (pgi). D.h. –pgi  – { Zeit + Züge } =....... p.best

R2/ Obiectivitatea conceptului si a formulei ‘b.e.s.t.’ rezida din urmatoarea logica: ‘adun doua marimi, (timpul / ’t’ + vaslirile / ’v’) care au sens descrescator, - dupa care, le scad din constanta ‘ipa’ si obtin (facil + repede / mental way ...) valoarea prestatiei in apa’

F2/ La logique du BEST et son objectivite:
J’additionne deux valeurs, deux quantites , le temps T. et le mouvement M. (des cicles de bras – pour Libre et pour le Dos 2 bras alternative, pour Brasse et pour Papillon une cicle concomitente, seulmant), les valeur qui ont un sens (desirable...!) decroissants et apres je deduis de la valeur constante (anterieur calcule) IPG’ et j’obtiens (tres facile et vite / by mental way...) la valeur de la prestation dans l’eau.

E2/The objectivity of the ‘best formula’ results from this new exercise of logic: ‘we add two value (time+stroke), this values have their sense descendent (!)…, and, after we substrate this sum from one constant value IPG points)’. In this mod we can obtain (very easy, by mental way) the supreme value of the swimming efficiency.

D2/ Die Objektivität des Konzeptes und der Formel „b.e.s.t.” baut auf die folgende Logik auf: „ wir addieren zwei Gröβen, (Zeit + Züge), die einen absteigenden Sinn verzeichnen. Diese werden nachher von der Konstante „pgi” abgezogen. Das Ergebnis (einfach + schnell / mental way...) stellt den Wert der Leistung im Wasser dar.

R3/“indicele personal de alunecare” (i.p.a. / este ca un kard-annual) ‘L.’– (kgr. + Q)
‘L.’ = lungimea maxima a corpului / pluta, ‘gr.’ = greutatea in kilograme / + ‘q.’ = diametrul/cm. subaxilar in expiratie profunda – the “index of personal gliding (IPG)

F3/ L’indice de la Glisse dans l’eau (IPG) este une valeur constante, comme un card banquare, qui le calcule annuellement:
’L.’ la valeure se deduit d’une autre somme resulte par addition de ’Kgr.’ + ’Q.’, c’est a dire:
L.– [ Kgr. + Q ] = la valeur anuelle plus constante de IPG en points....
’L.’ – longuer maximale du corp entierre(la possision fondamentale de nage - planche de flotation du corp sur le ventre ou sur le dos verrifie sur terrre);
’Kgr.’ - Kilogrames du corp, sur terre;
’Q.’ – le diametre en cm. de la cage thoracique en expir profonde, et le resultat de cette formule que l’on nomme – Indice Personel de Glisse (IPG) dans l’eau, avec ses point et d’une valeur constante, annuelle.

E3/ The index personal of gliding (ipg) is lake a ‘credit card’ (the validity is minimum one year): with this ipg we can organize the series of the race in perfect ‘faire-play’ (indifferent of the sex or age) the competitors with same or appropriate values will be introduce in the same series …the periodical calcul of this ipg formula is found with regarding to the hydrodynamics principle (reynolds+froude),
so: ‘’from the value of the maximum longer of the body (ventral float position)(L.), we will substrate the sum of the Nr. of kgr. (weight) with the Q. (Nr. of cm. of the circumference of the upper thorax in deep expiration). ‘L.’– ( ‘kgr.’ + ‘q.’)

D3/ 'Der persönliche Gleitindex” (p.g.i./ ist wie eine Kreditkarte, die 1 Jahr gültig ist (kard-annual)). „L” = die maximale Körperlänge / ventral float position;
 „kgr” = das Gewicht in Kilogramm / + „Q” = Durchmesser/cm des oberen Brustkorbabschnittes bei tiefer Ausatmung

R4/ aplicabilitatea ‘annual kard-(ului)’(ipg – index of personal gliding ), indiferent de sex si chiar de varsta subiectilor…, este data de faptul ca criteriile alese, pentru folosirea sa ca instrument de departajare / organizare a intrecerilor de inot sportiv , sunt cele induse in selectia  naturala:
# cu cat un corp este mai lung (l.),
# cu cat un corp este mai usor, (gr.)
# cu cat un corp este mai ingust (q.)
cu atat mai eficient pluteste, aluneca sau inainteaza !

F4/ L’application (calculation) annuelle du kard IPG –non peliee du sex, genne, et de l’age du suject (!), sont donnes comme une unique critere pour departager / organiser les eventuellle competitions (des series avec une real ’fraire-play’) de concurs de ’excelence tehnique de nage’ par 50m, car ce sont les criteres induits par la selection naturelle:
- plus que le corp est long .....
- plus que le corp est leger....
- plus que le corp est etroit ....
cet corp peut glisse et avance plus bien, plus efficace !

E4/The valability of the index personal of gliding (ipg) results from that – all criteria selected to make the series for the challenge was selected from the normal natural selection:
when the longer of the body is big…
when the weight of the body is light...
when the frontal section of the body is small
the float, the gliding and the swimming speed will be more efficiency to advance better with one correct technique !

D4/ Die Gültigkeit des „kard-annual” (pgi – persönlicher Gleitindex), unabhängig von Geschlecht oder Alter der Angewiesenen..., ist darauf zurückzuführen: die Kriterien, die ausgewählt wurden, um zu bestimmen, inwiefern die „annual kard” als Instrument zur Unterscheidung von Leistungen oder Veranstaltung von Schwimm-Wettkämpfen verwendet werden kann, gehen auf die natürliche Auswahl zurück:
je länger ein Körper ist (l.),
je leichter ein Körper ist (kgr),
je schmaler ein Körper ist (q.),
desto effizienter wird er schwimmen, gleiten oder sich im Wasser fortbewegen.

** Numerotarea ciclurilor de inot se poate face prin inspecție vizuală sau cu un contor mecanic / electronic (?) Care ar putea evita erorile (a se vedea Swimmnovate / PoolMate, FINIS - contor de ceas, Polar F14).

** La numérotation des cycles de nage peut être faite par inspection visuelle ou avec un compteur mécanique / électronique (?) Qui pourrait éviter les erreurs (voir Swimmnovate / PoolMate, FINIS - compteur de montre, Polar F14).

** The numbering of swimm-cycles can be made by visual inspection or with a mechanical/electronic(?) counter that could avoid the errors (see Swimmnovate/PoolMate, FINIS - watch counter, Polar F14).

****** Die Zählung der Ruderungsabläufe kann frei (visuell) durchgeführt werden oder mit Hilfe eines mechanischen/elektronischen (?) ‘counter’s, der die Kopfzählung vereinfachen soll und mögliche Fehler vermeiden soll (Varianten - Swimmnovate/PoolMate, FINIS - watch counter, Polar F14).

Bibliografie selectiva:

1978 M. Sgrumala, I. Bidoaie –‘Proiectarea navelor mici, Ed. Tehnica, Buc., p.17,
(Principiul Reynolds – Froude, bibl.: Saunders, N-York, 1957))
1982  M.Olaru – INOT – manual metodic, Ed. Sport-Turism, , p.184,
1983  M.Olaru – Rev E.F.S. nr 3/1983 p.49 "Testarea eficientei biomecanice la inot'.
1987  M.Olaru – Rev E.F.S. nr. 2/1987, p.27 'Ierarhizarea numerica a prestatiilor inotatorilor'.
1988  M.Olaru – 'Să nu ne temen de apă', Ed. Sport-Turism, 1988, p.90, sport-book
1991  M.Olaru – Note de curs-inot, Univ. Ecologica Buc., Ed. Universitara, 1991, p. 123
1995  M.Olaru – Afise editate de FRN & Canada Swimming Natation,1995, color, 4000
1995  E.Hines – 'Fitness Swimming', Human Kinetics, p.27, ('Swimming Golf'), 1995.
1995   D. Hannula- “ Coaching Swimming succesfully’’, p.78 ( Minimum-Nr-.swims),1995
1999  M.Olaru – Rev.'Stiinta Sportului', ed CCPS, nov 1999, Referat - ‘Un nou concept in pregatirea inotatoriilor'.
2003  E. Maglisho – ’Stroke Counting Drills’’, from Swimming fastes, Hk Book ,2003
2007  M.Olaru – ‚’Despre inot… cu Mircea Olaru’,CD+4 postere, ed. SSE, 2007, 1000 ex.
2008  M. Olaru – referat la sesiunea de comunicari a Univ. Spiru Haret, Buc, 2008
’Testarea eficientei biomecanice la inot’


Copy from DESPRE INOT, by M.Olaru, ed. SSE, 2007

Was the 'philosophic stone' of swimming discovered .....?
It can be a bagatelle, a cheap grandmany, it can be an authentic truth I just discovered ... but maybe others have intrigued and used it empirically, and only me, in the position of 'little known' ..., we have come to make this condition necessary for the acquisition of perfection ...
Now, at the age of 70, after many searches and aspirations, I can say honestly to you without hesitation and without complexity:
So complicated escalation of the top, the supremacy of the man on the "well-trained" waters in an Olympic swimming pool, is essentially summed up to two great requirements:
1/. It uses intelligently the BEST and IPA formulas, which deviate from the expression Festina Lente ....
 2 /. Apply without any indication
- 'How much air you inhale ... ... as air exits ...' ,  the golden rule of swimming!
Whoever quickly understands the motric, bio-functional response to these two primordial requirements - will gain success ...; who fails - will often struggle in vain, and will only get OBOSEALA in all its forms and phases.
Note: As regards the BEST concept, in the training and contest chapter, I have sought to gradually present the somewhat unusual content of this approach to sporting swimming - about the 2nd requirement, the need to give an example of what would mean 'how long do you blow .....'.
Here it is: we all have the image of the typical scene whereby a doctor called at the head of a sufferer takes the pulse looking at the second of the clock ...; At this point the doctor tries to actually observe the bio-functional balance of the patient, then if necessary he will ask for a series of analyzes after which he will venture to write a first diagnosis .....
In our case, swimming, "called doctor" ... is actually the athlete himself (helped by the coach ...) who, in order to check the bio-functional balance of the stressed body instead of the pulse, has to Handy, ease of assessment on respiratory comfort.
Only a perfect balance of the respiratory act (the quantitative equality between the inspired and the exhaled air, we repeat ...) can give it a first, main condition of the repetition of the effort, in fact of the increasingly harsh conditioning of the body his on the road of performance
Recently, in an effort to verify the bio-functional balance in effort, Polar-Nokia has produced an astonishingly simple device by which the athlete has instant access to checking the pulse in the water in the immediate end of the effort . (see www..Polar.fi, PoolMate, Swimsmot, a.a)
I evoked this apparatus so much needed for sports training because in 1990, as a coach adviser to the Turkish Federative Federation, I addressed Seyko-Epson in Japan with the suggestion of realizing with existing electronic solutions and tools already a "robot coach" to give the athlete much of the data resulting from the effort and to allow a prediction of subsequent behavior (pauses, volume, intensity, etc.).
This company replied with a laudatory reply on two pages, and finally excused her saying that they could only put in production the projects launched by their research institute (+) assured me that my idea is very good but I can not accept (copy) anything from outside (!!) [to see and not to believe ...]; years have passed, the idea has been lost and now Polar-Nokia produced, independent of my story, another reliable version of this 'mini-robot'.
With this heart rate sensor (FC) and especially with the athlete's attention always being in a perfect respiratory balance during the effort, the second requirement that accompanies the achievement of "philosophical stone" can be achieved ...; is a migratory work that begins from the very first lessons of learning ... but which ultimately leads to that state of happiness, a tranquility that we noticed at elite athletes who, when they struggle with hard, a record, the TV picture shows us a quiet, peaceful person, opposed to the expectations of many (panting, tension, fatigue ...), clear sign that the one in question found the Stone .....
I built the answer to the first demand (BEST), with many searches and toil, which did not tire me - I liked it, especially when I found that the saying "great truths are simple" applies perfectly to my thoughts. ..
Not to be confused with an obscure plagiarist this is the list of published papers in which the idea, the future concept begins to catch, gradually life.
 Here's an extract from my CURRICULUM VITAE ....
1982 - Mircea Olaru - Swimming, methodical manual, ed. Sports- Tourism, pp.184-185
1983 - Mircea 0laru - Testing of Biomechanical Efficiency at Swimming, Rev EFS nr 3, pg 49-53
1987 - Mircea Olaru - Hierarchy of swimming performances, Rev EFS nr 2, p.27-30
1995 - Mircea Olaru - 4 Color Posters with Sports Swimming Technique & 'BEST' / FRN + Canada Swimming
1999 - Mircea Olaru - 8th National Conf. Sports Science, p.110; Referral-poster BST + IPA Slide Personal Index / IPA = L - (Kg. + Q) correlated to BEST = IPA - (T + M); FINA / TSC
* We have met the idea in 1999 to Americans: Emmett Hines, USA, Houston, in Fitness Swimming, 1995, ed. HK, London who calls the way to swim with few movements - Swimming Golf .., smart and fair!
 And the well-known coach Dick Hannulla in Coaching Swimming Successfully, page 78 (idem publishing house and year of publishing ...), makes some brief assessments of this relationship (note - their assessments are dated 1995 ... my appreciations are earlier, 80s, so they have moral primacy and it is a reality that honors me and honors the 'Romanian school of swimming' ... / I ask for forgiveness for this insent act - but we too have left us in the admiration of others and have neglected what was our...!!!]. So - Emmett's success is perfectly independent of that achieved by his honor and honor, we are for Dick Hannulla ....; a single, punctual, practical finding that separates us from me and puts me in front of these famous overseas specialists: Emmett - his method, forces him on the subject (the athlete in full effort ...) to get out of the water .... to move up to a panel, wall etc. ....., to look for some coordinates on the tables, the effort just finished. In our analysis of these coordinates, however, their calculation is strictly mental and mediated (you have to add the number of seconds with the number of movements, arms with the arms / attention - somebody still have to count them ...); the athlete is at rest, resting and analyzing the outcome of the meeting can appreciate quickly and without any other effort - how he evolved and can take measures to execute the next effort in even better conditions. But about these things we will talk about ....

13 Mai 2018, Bucuresti, Romania, selected from my swim-book "DESPPRE INOT".....

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